Chongqing Introduction

Chongqing Introduction

Publish Time:2016-02-29 15:12:26Source:WTCF

【Introduction】:It is municipality directly under the central government and plays an important role as the center of economy, politics and culture in the the upstream area of the Yangtze River.

City Introduction

Chongqing is the only megalopolis and national central city in the West of China. It is municipality directly under the central government and plays an important role as the center of economy, politics and culture in the the upstream area of the Yangtze River. It also well developed in fields such as education, art, technology and innovation, etc.

Chongqing is a city with a centuries-old history which initially named as Bayu in the Yin and Zhou dynasties. Then AD 1189, Prince Gong Song Guangzong first sealed, then Jidi Wei, claiming that "double happy" or Christine the state government of Chongqing, Chongqing, hence the name, dating back over 800 years. 

Chongqing is a city of towering mountains and magnificent rivers. It has abundant territory resources, a wide coverage of forest and two famous rivers flow by. The Yangtze and Jialing Rivers runs through the forest forms a perfect ecosystem with countless natural species. The confluence of the Rivers forms a "Golden Triangle" boasting mountains and waters, convenient traffic, and coherently integrated urban constructions and natural landscapes.


The rich history of Chongqing begins with origination of Bayu culture with written records dating back to 3000 years ago. In 583 AD, Emperor Yang of Sui Dynasty established the ancient Chinese Yu State here; which attributes to the reason why Chongqing is often referred to as "Yu." In 1890 AD, Emperor Zhao of Song Dynasty set-up the Chongqing government here, meaning the celebration of double happiness. On March 31st, 1890, Chongqing became a treaty port after China signed the Yantai Treaty Amendment with Britain. During World War 2, in Oct 30th, 1937 the Nationalist government moved to Chongqing, making it a wartime capital. In 1939, Chongqing became a directly governed city and was set as the capital in 1940, expanding the land to 164 square kilometers. In 1992, it became a river-line city open to the outside world. On September, 1996, the central government authorized Chongqing to take administration jurisdiction of Wanzhou city, Fuling city and Qianjiang City. On March 14th, 1997, after the National People's Congress five conferences, Chongqing recovered to become a direct-control municipality, making it the only one in Southwestern China. This event marked a new beginning in Chongqing history.

Natural Environment

Chongqing is situated at upper reaches of the Yangtze River, in Southwest China and to the east and south, are the Daba Mountains, Wushan Mountain, Wuling Mountain, and Dalou Mountain. The landscape is covered with hills and mountains, and large sloping area called the “mountain city”. Chongqing's terrain slopes down from north and south towards the Yangtze River valley. The northwest and central parts are dominated by hills and low mountains, the northeast is close to the Daba Mountains, linking with up with Wuling mountains on the southeast.


The main features of the climate in Chongqing can be summarized as warm winters and early spring, hot summer, and cool autumns with four distinct seasons. Long frost-free period; humid air, abundant rainfall; low UV, short days and long nights; cloudy, little frost and snow; scorching hot with plenty of rainfall in the same season. Chongqing’s climate is unique in a way that it has an abundance of renewable energy resources waiting to be exploited, but at the same time it is also vulnerable to natural disasters.

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